Some argue that the Bible is contradictory concerning what Jesus’ last words were on the cross. The argument is that Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 seem to contradict Luke 23:46 and John 19:30. However, there is a reasonable explanation that solves this alleged contradiction in the Bible.
Scriptures – What Were Jesus’ Last Words on the Cross?
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”Matthew 27:46
And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”Mark 15:34
Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last.Luke 23:46
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.John 19:30
The Answer – What Were Jesus’ Last Words on the Cross?
The Order of Jesus’ Last Words
The most likely order of Jesus’ last words is this:
- #“Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” (Matthew, Mark)
- #“It is finished,” (John)
- #“Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” (Luke)
Both Matthew and Mark say that Jesus cried out again after saying “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?”
And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.Matthew 27:50
And Jesus uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.Mark 15:37
John says that after Jesus cries out, “It is finished,” Jesus “gave up his spirit,” which suggests that he then said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!”
The context of the passages helps us piece together the order of these last words of Jesus. There is simply no contradiction between these passages.
More Answers to “Contradictions” in the Bible
To read more answers to alleged and apparent contradictions in the Bible, see “Contradictions” in the Bible Answered.
These books are also excellent resources: